jalousie – A French pastry made with puff pastry baked in a long rectangular shape. A bottom pastry is spread with an almond or fruit filling, and then topped with a lattice cut pastry so that the filling shows through. After baking it is dusted with confectioner’s sugar.
jam – A thick fruit spread, made from pureed or crushed fruit, sugar, and sometimes pectin for thickening. Jam is usually cooked, but may be uncooked. Jam is used as a spread on bread, and may also be used a sweet filling or glaze for cakes, cookies, and pastries. Shop for jam.
jasmine – A sweet scented flower. Jasmine is used to flavor tea and used as a flavoring in baking.
jellies – Small candies made with concentrated fruit juice, sugar, and gelatin. The jellies are cooked to a firm and chewy texture, poured into a pan to cool, then cut into small squares. The jellies are rolled in a sugar coating.
jelly – A clear fruit spread made from clear fruit juice, sugar, and sometimes pectin for thickening. Jelly is normally cooked, but may be uncooked. Jelly is used as a spread on bread, and may also be used a sweet filling or glaze for cakes, cookies, and pastries. Shop for jelly.
jelly pie – Also called Grape Pie. Jelly pie is a Southern pie made with grapes, sugar, lemon juiced and cornstarch for a thickener; Concord grapes are traditionally used, however other grapes may be substituted. See recipe for Grape Pie.
jelly roll – Also called a roulade. A sponge cake that is rolled up in the shape of a log after baking and while still warm. When the cake is cooled it is unrolled and spread with jam or other fillings such as whipped cream or buttercream. The cake is then re-rolled into the log shape. The top may be frosted or dusted with confectioners’ sugar, then sliced to serve.
jelly roll pan - Jelly Roll pans are the same as a baking sheet. They have a raised edge all around, usually ½ to 1 inch high. The most all-purpose size to have is a 12½ x 17½ by 1 inch Jelly Roll Pan. Jelly roll pans are most often used to make bar cookies, shortbread, sponge cakes, sheet cakes, focaccia breads, and more. A jelly roll pan is also good to place under a fruit pie as it is baking to catch overflowing juices, and to hold springform and tart pans with removable bottoms while baking. Shop for jelly roll pans.
jimmies – Also called sprinkles and nonpareils. Jimmies are tiny pieces of sugar candy, normally round or elongated, coated in a chocolate or a colored sugar topping. They are commonly used to decorate the tops of cakes, cookies, and pastries. Shop for sprinkles and nonpareils.
johnnycake – A flatbread made with cornmeal, originally made by early settlers to New England. Modern versions include eggs, oil, and baking powder.
jordan almond – A whole almond encased in a hard sugar coating. Jordan almonds are made in several colors and are popular at Easter and weddings.
journey cake – another name for johnnycake. Journey cakes were easily prepared and easily carried by travelers.
jumble – A sugar cookie normally made with sour cream, walnuts and coconut.
junket – A custard-like pudding made from milk, sugar, and flavorings. The pudding is jelled with rennet, an ingredient used to curdle milk.