Measurements and Weight Conversions

 

Click below for measurements and conversions:

All conversions in the charts below are approximate and most have been rounded up or down to the nearest whole number for easy measuring.

 

Equivalent Measures

Teaspoon and Tablespoon Measures:
Standard Measure Equivalent Measure
1 teaspoon 1/3 tablespoon
1½ teaspoons ½ tablespoon
3 teaspoons 1 tablespoon; ½ fluid ounce
1 tablespoon 3 teaspoons; ½ fluid ounce
2 tablespoons 1/8 cup; 1 fluid ounce
3 tablespoons 1 jigger; 1½ fluid ounces
4 tablespoons ¼ cup; 2 fluid ounces
5 tablespoons plus 1 teaspoon 1/3 cup
8 tablespoons ½ cup; 4 fluid ounces
10 tablespoons plus 2 teaspoons 2/3 cup
12 tablespoons ¾ cup; 6 fluid ounces
16 tablespoons 1 cup; >½ pint; 8 fluid ounces

 

Cup Measures:
Standard Measure Equivalent Measure
1/8 cup 2 tablespoons; 1 fluid ounce
¼ cup 4 tablespoons; 2 fluid ounces
1/3 cup 5 tablespoons plus 1 teaspoon
3/8 cup ¼ cup plus 2 tablespoons
½ cup 8 tablespoons; 4 fluid ounces
2/3 cup 10 tablespoons plus 2 teaspoons
5/8 cup ½ cup plus 2 tablespoons
¾ cup 12 tablespoons; 6 fluid ounces
7/8 cup ¾ cup plus 2 tablespoons
1 cup 16 tablespoons; ½ pint; 8 fluid ounces
2 cups 1 pint; ½ quart; 16 fluid ounces; 1 pound
4 cups 2 pints; 1 quart;  32 fluid ounces
8 cups 4 pints; 2 quarts; ½ gallon; 64 fluid ounces
16 cups 8 pints; >4 quarts; 1 gallon; 128 fluid ounces

 

Pint, Quart, Gallon, Peck, and Bushel Measures:
Standard Measure Equivalent Measure
½ pint 1 cup; 8 fluid ounces
1 pint 2 cups; ½ quart; 16 fluid ounces
½ quart 2 cups; 1 pint; 16 fluid ounces
1 quart 4 cups; 2 pints; 32 fluid ounces
2 quarts 8 cups; 4 pints; ½ gallon; 64 fluid ounces
4 quarts 16 cups; 8 pints; 1 gallon, 128 fluid ounces
2 gills 1 cup
2 dry gallons 1 peck
4 dry pecks 1 >bushel

 

Ounce and Pound Measures:
Standard Measure Equivalent Measure
4 ounces ¼ pound
8 ounces ½ pound
12 ounces ¾ pound
16 ounces 1 pound

 

 

U.S. Standard Measure and Metric Conversion

The following chart is a guide for converting standard US measurements to metric measurements. The following >conversion are approximate.

 

Formula: Convert US Measure to Metric
U.S. Standard Measure Multiply by Metric Measure
Ounces (oz) 28.3495 Grams (g)
Pounds (lb) 0.454 Kilograms (kg)
Teaspoons (tsp) 4.93 Milliliters (ml)
Tablespoons (tbs) 14.79 Milliliters (ml)
Fluid Ounces (fl oz) 29.573 Milliliters (ml)
Cups (c) 236.590.236 Milliliters (ml)Liters (l)
Pints (pt) 473.180.473 Milliliters (ml)Liters (l)
Quarts (qt) 946.360.94635 Milliliters (ml)Liters (l)
Gallons (gal) 3.776 Liters (l)

 

Formula: Convert Metric to US Measure
Metric Measure Multiply by U.S. Standard Measure
Grams (g) 0.035274 Ounces (oz)
Milliliters (ml) 0.0338 Ounces (oz)
Liters (l) 1.056688 >Quarts (qt)

 

Volume Conversions (rounded for easier measuring):
U.S. Standard Measure Metric Measure
1 teaspoon 5 Milliliters
2 teaspoons 10 Milliliters
1 tablespoon 15 milliliters
¼ cup 59 milliliters
1/3 cup 79 milliliters
½ cup 118 milliliters
1 cup 236 milliliters
4 cups (1 quart) 0.944 liter
1.06 quarts 1 liter
4 quarts (1 gallon) 3.8 >liters

 

Weight Conversions (rounded for easier measuring):
Ounces Grams
1 ounce 28 grams
4 ounces (¼ pound) 113 grams
8 ounces (½ pound) 227 grams
16 ounces (1 pound) 454 grams
2.2 pounds 1 kilo

 

 

Fahrenheit and Centigrade (Celsius) Conversion

The following chart is a guide for converting from Fahrenheit to Centigrade. Round to the nearest 5 degrees for ease in setting your oven.

Convert Fahrenheit to Centigrade (Celsius)

  • Subtract 32 from the Fahrenheit reading, multiply by 5, and then divide by 9 to find the Centigrade reading.
  • For example: 160o F – 32 = 128; 128 × 5 = 640; 640 ÷ 9 = 71.11o C; round down to 70o C. for the >oven setting.

 

Convert Centigrade (Celsius) to Fahrenheit

  • Multiply the Centigrade reading by 9, divide by 5, and then add 32 to find the Fahrenheit reading.
  • For example: 70o C × 9 = 630; 630 ÷ 5 = 126; 126 + 32 = 158o F; round up to 160o F for the >oven setting.

 

Common Fahrenheit to Centigrade (Celsius) Conversions:
Fahrenheit Centigrade
50o F 10o C
60o F 15.5o C
75o F 23.8o C
80o F 26.7o C
95o F 35o C
100o F 37.7o C
104o F 40o C
122o F 50o C
212o F 100o C
225o F 107.2o C
250o F 121o C
275o F 135o C
300o F 148.8o C
302o F 150o C
325o F 162.7o C
350o F 176.6o C
375o F 190o C
400o F 204o C
410o F 210o C
425o F 218o C
450o F 232o C
475o F 246o C
500o F 260o C
525o F 273.8o C
550o F 287.7o C
575o F 301.6o C
600o F 315.5o C

 

Oven Temperature chart, in Fahrenheit
Description: Temperature:
Cool 200o F
Very Slow 250o – 300o F
Slow 300o – 325o F
Moderately Slow 325o – 350o F
Moderate 350o – 375o F
Moderately Hot 375o – 400o F
Hot 400o – 450o F
Very Hot 450o – 475o F
Extremely Hot 475o – 550o F or >greater

 

 

Translating Old-Fashioned American Measurements

Old-Fashioned Measure Modern Equivalent Measure
Butter the size of a walnut 2 tablespoons
Butter the size of an egg ¼ cup
Coffee cup 1 cup
Dash 1/8 teaspoon or a little less
Dessert spoon 1½ teaspoons
60 drops 1 teaspoon
Gill ½ cup
Pinch 1/16 teaspoon
Salt spoon ¼ teaspoon
Teacup ¾ cup
Tin cup 1 cup
Tumbler full 2 cups
Wine glass ¼ cup
2 gills 1 cup
8 quarts 1 peck
4 pecks 1 bushel

 

 

Weight Conversions for Common Baking Ingredients

Baking is an exact science, and measuring ingredients by weight is far more accurate than measuring by volume. The following chart shows the conversion for common baking ingredients, per one >cup measure.

Dry Ingredients:
Ingredient Ounces (oz) per cup
Flour, all purpose, dip and sweet 5 oz
Flour, all purpose, lightly spooned 4¼ oz
Flour, all purposes, sifted 4 oz
Flour bread, dip and sweep 5½ oz
Flour, bread, lightly spooned 4½ oz
Flour, bread, sifted 4¼ oz
Flour, cake, dip and sweep 4½ oz
Flour, cake, lightly spooned 4 oz
Flour, cake, sifted 3½ oz
Flour, self rising, dip and sweep 5 oz
Flour, self rising, lightly spooned 4½ oz
Flour, whole wheat, dip and sweep 5 oz
Flour, whole wheat, lightly spooned 4½ oz
Cocoa Powder, lightly spooned 3 oz
Cocoa Powder, Dutch Processed, lightly spooned 4 oz
Chocolate Chips 7 oz
Chocolate Chips, mini 6½ oz
Cornstarch, lightly spooned 4.2 oz
Malted milk powder 3 oz
Dry milk powder 4¾ oz
Oats, old faashioned 3 oz
Oats, quick cooking 3½ oz
Sugar, granulated 7 oz
Sugar, confectioner’s, unsifted 4 oz
Sugar, confectioner’s, sifted 3 oz
Sugar, light or dark, firmly packed 8 oz
Sugar, turbinado 8 oz
Tapioca, >quick cooking 6 oz

 

Liquid Sweeteners and Syrups:
Ingredient Ounces (oz) per cup
Honey 11¾ oz
Corn syrup 11½ oz
Maple syrup 11½ oz
Molasses >11¼ oz

 

Liquids and Dairy:
Ingredient Ounces (oz) per cup
Milk 8 oz
Buttermilk 8 oz
Heavy cream 8 oz
Sour cream 8 oz
Yogurt 8 oz
Mascarpone 8½ oz
Sweetened condensed milk 10½ oz
Cream cheese 9 oz
Clear fruit juice >8 oz

 

Butter and Fats:
Ingredient Ounces (oz) per cup
Butter, 1 tablespoon ½ oz
Butter, 2 tablespoons 1 oz
Butter, 4 tablespoons; ¼ cup; ½ stick 2 oz
Butter, 8 tablespoons; ½ cup; 1 stick 4 oz; ¼ pound
Butter, 16 tablespoons; 1 cup; 2 sticks 8 oz; ½ pound
Butter, 2 cups; 4 sticks 16 oz; 1 pound
Shortening 6¾ oz
Olive oil, canola oil, vegetable oil >7½ oz

 

Eggs, Raw, Large, Shelled
Ingredient Measurement Ounces (oz)
1 large whole egg 1¾ oz
1 large yolk 1 tablespoon 2/3 oz
16 large yolks 1 cup 10½ oz
1 large white 2 tablespoons 1¼ oz
8 large whites 1 cup >8.8 oz

 

Dried Fruits:
Ingredient Ounces (oz) per cup
Apricots, California 5 oz
Cherries 5 oz
Cranberries 4 oz
Currants 5 oz
Dates 5¼ oz
Figs 6 oz
Pineapple 5 oz
Raisins >5 oz

 

Nuts, Raw, Shelled
Ingredient Ounces (oz) per cup
Almonds, whole 5¼ oz
Almonds, slivered 4½ oz
Almonds, sliced 3 oz
Almond Paste 10 oz
Cashews 4½ oz
Hazelnuts (Filberts) 4¾ oz
Macadamia Nuts 5 oz
Peanuts 5½ oz
Pecan halves 4 oz
Pine Nuts 5 oz
Pistachio Nuts 4¼ oz
Walnut halves 3½ oz
Peanut Butter, smooth 9½ oz
Coconut, sweetened, shredded >3½ oz

 

Liquors
Ingredient Ounces (oz) per cup
Amaretto 8¾ oz
Cognac 7.9 oz
Cointreau 8½ oz
kahlua 9.6 oz
Kirsch 7.8 oz
Light Rum 7.8 oz
Myer’s Dark Rum 7.7 oz
Vodka 8 oz